Free Access
Volume 379, Number 3, December I 2001
Page(s) 976 - 991
Section Stellar atmospheres
Published online 15 December 2001
A&A 379, 976-991 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011385

Chromospheric activity, lithium and radial velocities of single late-type stars possible members of young moving groups

D. Montes, J. López-Santiago, M. J. Fernández-Figueroa and M. C. Gálvez

Departamento de Astrofísica, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain

(Received 23 July 2001 / Accepted 26 September 2001 )

We present here high resolution echelle spectra taken during three observing runs of 14 single late-type stars identified in our previous studies (Montes et al. 2001b, hereafter Paper I) as possible members of different young stellar kinematic groups (Local Association (20-150 Myr), Ursa Major group (300 Myr), Hyades supercluster (600 Myr), and IC 2391 supercluster (35 Myr)). Radial velocities have been determined by cross correlation with radial velocity standard stars and used together with precise measurements of proper motions and parallaxes taken from Hipparcos and Tycho-2 Catalogues, to calculate Galactic space motions (U, V, W) and to apply Eggen's kinematic criteria. The chromospheric activity level of these stars have been analysed using the information provided for several optical spectroscopic features (from the Ca II H & K to Ca II IRT lines) that are formed at different heights in the chromosphere. The Li I $\lambda$6707.8 Å line equivalent width (EW) has been determined and compared in the EW(Li I) versus spectral type diagram with the EW(Li I) of stars members of well-known young open clusters of different ages, in order to obtain an age estimation. All these data allow us to analyse in more detail the membership of these stars in the different young stellar kinematic groups. Using both, kinematic and spectroscopic criteria we have confirmed PW And, V368 Cep, V383 Lac, EP Eri, DX Leo, HD 77407, and EK Dra as members of the Local Association and V834 Tau, $\pi^{1}$ UMa, and GJ 503.2 as members of the Ursa Major group. A clear rotation-activity dependence has been found in these stars.

Key words: stars: activity -- stars: chromospheres -- stars: late-type -- stars: abundances -- stars: kinematics -- galaxy: open clusters and associations: general

Offprint request: D. Montes,

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